What is Malware?
The Reasons for Malware are Vast
- Stealing personal data for identity theft
- Stealing financial information for fraudulent purposes
- Vengeance (angry ex-employees, for instance)
- Political reasons
The Different Types of Malware
- Viruses – one of the most common types of malware is a virus; these are usually in the form of an email attachment that once opened, the virus begins to spread on the device.
- Ransomware – organizations are the typical targets, wherein the ransomware installs itself onto a device, encrypting their files and demanding a ransom (mostly in the form of cryptocurrency).
- Worms – one of the more frustrating malware types to deal with, worms can infect machine to machine by copying themselves after exploiting a security weakness.
- Spyware – a malware (without the user’s knowledge) program that’s installed on a device, capturing personal information and internet activity to monitor communications.
- Trojan viruses – a popular malware type, Trojans scam users into downloading them by acting as harmless applications; once launched, Trojans can attack and crash devices, steal data, and more.
- Adware – this type of malware program bombards users with disruptive advertisements, from pop-ups to blinking ads.
Malware Variants Are Increasing… So, What Does This Mean?
The Telltale Signs of a Malware Infection
- Operating system (OS) performance slows down
- Fans are loud and whirring at top speed even though you’re not doing anything taxing on the computer
- Ads are popping up constantly
- System crashes or freezes with the potential blue screen of death (BSOD) (indicates a fatal Windows error)
- Random spike in internet activity
- Weird loss of disk space
- Failure to open files and folders
Taking Precautions Can Help
- Regularly change passwords – it can be inconvenient and time consuming, but changing your passwords regularly is one way to prevent malware from overtaking your computer; emails, social media accounts, online banking accounts, and your top shopping websites are the important sites to consider changing passwords for.
- Avoid clicking on pop-up ads when surfing the web – better yet, you should install an ad blocker for your browsers to block random ads from popping up on your screen; no matter how tempting it is to click on an ad, don’t!
- Don’t open mysterious email attachments – be wary of email attachments from unknown senders as these are one-way cybercriminals discreetly send malware.
- Ignore strange links in emails, social media messages, and texts – random links can catch people off guard but remember that these could lead you to a malware infection.
- Update your OS, browsers, and other essential software – making sure that these softwares are patched with the latest updates ensures that these function properly, minimizing gaps in your security.
- Check the website domain – fraudulent websites should be avoided, so take note of the domain; if it’s not .com, .mil, .org, .net, .edu, .biz, or other safe domains, then leave the site immediately.
- Use multi-factor authentication – also known as MFA, this is a great method for creating a multi-step login process, adding another layer of protection on top of entering your password.
- Create backups of your data – if your files are inaccessible, your backup saves can help you recover them.
But, It’s Better to Have Ultimate Computer Malware Prevention
iolo’s Malware Killer™
The Benefits of a Malware Prevention Software
- Exceptional malware support that identifies and eliminates threats – realizing that your device has been compromised can be frightening, but with a software like Malware Killer™, you don’t have to worry about a thing, you can simply let the software do its job.
- Instant notifications and warnings about suspicious sites and links – before you can even click on a questionable website or link, your malware prevention program will stop you and inform you that it’s potential malware.
- Immediate malware removal – no matter the type of malware found, these programs can remove it in no time, ensuring that your device is always safeguarded.
- Saves already-infected computers – if your PC has already been exposed to malware, software like Malware Killer™ can provide on-demand malware removal so that you’re able to use your computer once again without fear of malware.
- Finds even the latest malware – malware prevention programs are designed to root out new and unknown threats, prohibiting even the newest forms of malware to infect your computer.
- Protects you from identity theft and fraud – anyone can become a victim of identity theft and fraud as a result of malware, but you wouldn’t have to worry about this if you have an appropriate malware prevention and detection program.